How Your Eyes Work

Your cornea is located at the front of your eye. Light passes through this area until it reaches the thin tissue on the back of the eye called the retina. The retina converts light into signals that your optic nerve sends to your brain. Your brain then uses those signals to create the images that you see. 

Common Eye Problems

Vision problems impact most people eventually. Many of these issues are minor and are resolved with at-home treatment. Others are more serious and require an eye specialist’s care. On this page, we’ll take a closer look at some of the most common eye problems we treat at Beach Cities Laser Vision. 


Glaucoma develops as a result of optic nerve damage, usually due to elevated pressure in the eye. When this occurs, you develop blind spots in your vision. This can occur at any age, but it’s more common among older people. With regular eye exams, your doctor can spot glaucoma early and minimize vision loss. 


Also known as nearsightedness, myopia causes objects far away to look blurry. It happens because the light entering the eye aims just in front of the retina rather than directly at it. For most people, myopia develops in childhood and stabilizes by age 40. It can be corrected with surgery, such as LASIK and PRK


This condition develops as a normal part of the aging process. It’s characterized by the gradual loss of your ability to see close objects clearly. Before 40, your clear lens is flexible. It changes shape easily, so you can focus on objects that are far away and close by. After age 40, this lens becomes more rigid and doesn’t change shape as easily. This makes it harder to focus on objects that are close by. We can correct presbyopia with refractive surgery to change the shape of your cornea or with lens implants. 


Also known as farsightedness, hyperopia means you can clearly see objects that are far away while objects nearby are blurry. It occurs when light can’t bend properly due to the shape of your eye. This results in light being aimed behind your retina instead of on your retina. This condition is usually present at birth and can be corrected with refractive surgery, such as LASIK and PRK


When your eye is healthy, the lens is clear. With cataracts, the lens becomes cloudy. Many people liken the sensation to trying to see clearly through a foggy window. As cataracts worsen, you’ll find that it’s very difficult (or impossible) to drive at night and see the world around you sharply. In most cases, cataracts develop slowly and can be managed with glasses. Once they start to impact your daily activities, we may recommend surgery. During the procedure, Dr. Liu will replace the damaged lens with a new one. 

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Your Eye Health Daily Regimen

Your eye health is important and shouldn’t be overlooked. Dry, red, and irritated eyes can cause discomfort and vision problems. In addition, they can affect the outcome of your procedures. Fortunately, daily maintenance can keep your eyes healthy and clear.   

Practice Healthy Screen Use

Look 20 feet away for 20 seconds every 20 minutes. During these breaks, close your lids completely two times. This is called the 20/20/20/2 rule. 

Care for Your Lids and Lashes

Clean your eyelids every morning and evening by closing your eyes and gently rinsing the base of your lids with Ocusoft foaming lid wash. 

Unclog Your Oil Glands

Every day, place a hot towel or heated eye mask over your eyes for five to ten minutes. This will loosen the oil glands, and it’s also the ideal way to treat styes. 

Use Artificial Tears

Supplement your natural tears with lubricating gels or artificial tears. If you’re using these over four times a day, opt for a preservative-free formula. 

Schedule an Appointment

Are you ready to correct your vision? The first step is scheduling an appointment at our Long Beach office with leading eye specialist, Dr. Erica Liu. 

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